Una guía completa para el año 2024

ChatGPT Fast Facts:
– What is ChatGPT? A generative AI that can answer questions in natural-sounding language.
– Who developed ChatGPT? OpenAI, Inc.
– Pricing:
– ChatGPT is free.
– ChatGPT Plus costs $20/month.
– ChatGPT Teams, a business subscription for at least two people, costs $25/month.

The business world has widely adopted ChatGPT over the past year, utilizing the writing and image generation AI across various industries. This quick guide provides answers to common questions about ChatGPT and its competitors.

ChatGPT is an AI chatbot developed by OpenAI based on the GPT-4 structure. GPT, short for generative pre-trained transformer, is a large language model that predicts the probability of upcoming words in a sequence. These AI chatbots, including ChatGPT and Google’s Gemini, rely on patterns in natural language to generate responses.

The technology behind these chatbots is driven by probability, with companies touting them as productivity tools capable of creating text in seconds that would take humans hours or days. ChatGPT accesses a vast portion of the internet as its training data, with human feedback helping to refine its output for natural language.

After its launch in November 2022, ChatGPT initially lacked access to real-time information. However, updates have since enabled the AI to connect to the web for current event updates. OpenAI introduced GPTBot in August 2023 to enhance ChatGPT’s knowledge base.

Several organizations, including Microsoft and Salesforce, have integrated ChatGPT into their products as a digital assistant or search tool. OpenAI, founded in 2015 with funding from various sources, has seen significant growth and investment in recent years.

ChatGPT offers different subscription plans:
– Free version
– ChatGPT Plus ($20/month)
– ChatGPT Enterprise (contact sales for pricing)
– ChatGPT Team ($25/month per user annually or $30/month per user monthly)

Using ChatGPT is simple:
1. Visit https://chat.openai.com/
2. Sign up for an account or use ChatGPT without logging in.
3. Type in the prompt box to start a conversation.
4. Upgrade to ChatGPT Plus for additional features.

Businesses can leverage ChatGPT for various tasks, from writing code to creating reports and emails. ChatGPT can also answer questions and provide recommendations. Additionally, users can now utilize the Memory feature to retain information from previous conversations.

For iOS users, OpenAI launched the free ChatGPT app on May 18, 2023, offering cross-device syncing and integration with the Whisper speech recognition system. OpenAI has announced that ChatGPT Plus subscribers on the iOS app will have exclusive access to GPT-4’s capabilities, early feature access, and faster response times. The rollout began in the U.S. on May 24, 2023, and has since expanded to 11 more countries, including Albania, Croatia, France, Germany, Ireland, Jamaica, Korea, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, and the UK.

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Additionally, OpenAI launched a ChatGPT desktop application for MacOS on May 14, initially available only to ChatGPT Plus subscribers. However, on June 25, the app became accessible to all users. The ChatGPT app for Android was released on July 25, 2023, for users in the US, India, Bangladesh, and Brazil, with more countries gaining access in the following week.

Voice capabilities were introduced on Nov. 21, 2023, allowing users to ask questions verbally and receive responses from ChatGPT. The latest version, GPT-4o, released in May 2024, replaced Voice with native multimodality for a more natural and responsive experience. Plus and Enterprise tier subscribers can now utilize DALL-E 3 to generate and edit images within the ChatGPT chat window, with all images generated after Feb. 12, 2024, including C2PA metadata.

OpenAI has provided tips for optimal responses from large language models, emphasizing clear instructions, providing additional texts for reference, requesting a “chain of thought,” and incorporating outputs from other tools like RAG or code execution engines. The organization continues to update ChatGPT and its services with developer-focused changes, including a bug bounty program and privacy updates allowing users to exclude their chat history from training data.

In June 2023, OpenAI introduced function calling to the Chat Completions API, reduced pricing for its embeddings model and input tokens for GPT-3.5 -turbo, and announced updated versions of GPT-4 and GPT-3.5-turbo. Additionally, a code interpreter function was made available to ChatGPT Plus users on July 6, 2023, enabling tasks like data analysis, math problem-solving, chart creation, and file editing. OpenAI stated that it operates by using a Python interpreter in a sandboxed, firewalled execution environment within a persistent session throughout the chat conversation, as mentioned in their blog post.
To access the beta Code interpreter, users must follow these steps on a ChatGPT Plus account:
1. Click on your name.
2. Select beta features from your settings.
3. Toggle on the beta features you wish to try.

In November 6, 2023, OpenAI introduced GPT-4 Turbo and GPTs, customized versions of ChatGPT designed for specific tasks. GPTs can be created without any coding knowledge by engaging in a natural language conversation with generative AI. Developers can define custom actions for GPTs by providing one or more APIs to the GPT. Enterprise customers can share GPTs within their organizations.
OpenAI unveiled a marketplace for browsing and utilizing GPTs in January 2024.
As of January, GPTs can be utilized within the standard ChatGPT chat window by typing the @ symbol to choose a GPT.
As of May 13, GPTs are accessible to all users, including those on the free tier.
Copyright Shield was announced by OpenAI on November 6, 2023. This service guarantees that if legal claims regarding copyright infringement are filed against content created by ChatGPT Enterprise or OpenAI’s developer platform users, OpenAI will cover the costs incurred.
On April 4, 2024, OpenAI introduced new features for fine-tuning ChatGPT using the API. These enhancements include more training checkpoints, reducing the need for retraining, and increased third-party integrations. Additionally, assisted fine-tuning is now available in the Custom Model program.
GPT-4o was announced on May 13, offering faster responses to spoken words and more natural-sounding voice capabilities compared to GPT-4 Turbo. GPT-4o is accessible to all ChatGPT users as of May 13.
Users can now connect Google Drive and Microsoft OneDrive tables and charts directly to ChatGPT Plus, Team, and Enterprise for data analysis as of May 13. This data can be used to create charts for presentations or documents.
In June, Apple revealed plans to integrate generative AI into its devices with Apple Intelligence, which operates on proprietary models. Apple Intelligence can connect to ChatGPT to answer questions that the on-device AI cannot handle on its own.
As more organizations adopt generative AI like ChatGPT, questions arise regarding its impact on job displacement, privacy, and ethical concerns. The potential for AI to automate repetitive tasks raises concerns about job security, but it could also lead to the creation of new roles related to training and auditing AI. The ethical use of AI, privacy concerns, and security issues also need to be addressed to ensure responsible deployment of generative AI technologies. As per a report by BBC News, GPTs, specifically the ChatGPT feature utilized for building AI apps, were instrumental in assisting BBC News to develop a generative pre-trained transformer for crafting phishing emails. Despite the public version of ChatGPT refusing to generate most of the malicious content, Crafty Emails, an app, successfully completed the tasks, occasionally adding disclaimers highlighting the unethical nature of scam techniques. Moreover, IBM X-Force security researchers leveraged ChatGPT for composing phishing emails, however, human-written phishing emails proved to be more effective in the same test.

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In a concerning development, on Nov. 28, 2023, security researchers from Google DeepMind uncovered a vulnerability in ChatGPT that allowed adversarial actors to extract training data, including personal information, by exploiting a flaw related to extractable memorization. The researchers were able to manipulate the chatbot into divulging its raw training data by prompting it to endlessly repeat the word ‘poem,’ causing the chatbot to deviate from its task and generate random or exact training data. While the researchers deemed the attack to be somewhat trivial, they cautioned that it could have serious repercussions by bypassing ChatGPT’s privacy protections.

In addition to this, other security concerns surrounding ChatGPT have been identified. These include a data exfiltration vulnerability reported by security researcher Johann Rehberger in December 2023, which was subsequently patched by OpenAI. Furthermore, in January 2024, a user reported an incident where another user’s private data appeared in their ChatGPT chat window due to a hack on the user’s account credentials, not due to a vulnerability in ChatGPT.

Moving forward, the primary competitors of ChatGPT include Anthropic’s Claude 3, Google’s Gemini (formerly Bard), Meta AI with Llama 3, Microsoft’s Copilot, and Perplexity AI’s chatbot. Each competitor offers unique features and capabilities, challenging ChatGPT in the generative AI chatbot market.

As for the future of ChatGPT, while it has shown promise in enhancing productivity and efficiency in certain tasks, concerns around its accuracy, privacy vulnerabilities, and potential negative impacts in the workplace persist. The impact of AI innovations like ChatGPT on the labor market and investor sentiments remains to be seen, with fluctuations in stock prices observed following AI announcements. While OpenAI has not announced plans for training GPT-5, the successor to ChatGPT, the future trajectory of this technology remains uncertain. En una charla en el MIT informada por The Verge, Altman criticó la carta abierta, que en un primer borrador había declarado que una quinta generación estaba en camino; principalmente, criticó la falta de especificidad técnica en la carta.
“Estamos haciendo otras cosas además de GPT-4 que creo que tienen todo tipo de problemas de seguridad que es importante abordar y que fueron completamente omitidos en la carta”, dijo Altman.
Dijo que nadie debería esperar ver el lanzamiento de GPT-5 “por algún tiempo”.

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Fuente
La publicación completa para 2024 se puede encontrar en World Online.